The Nano Membrane Toilet

Treating human waste onsite without external energy or water.

Publications and Reports

Outputs from the Cranfield toilet project are listed below.


Faecal-wood biomass co-combustion and ash composition analysis

Tosin Onabanjo Somorin, Athanasios J. Kolios, , , Alison Parker, Ewan McAdam, Leon Williams, Sean Tyrrel

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Designing the screw

Mercer, E., P. Cruddas , L. Williams , A. Kolios , A. Parker , S. Tyrrel , E. Cartmell , M. Pidou and E. J. McAdam (2016) Selection of screw characteristics and operational boundary conditions to facilitate post-flush urine and faeces separation within single household sanitation systems, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2, 953-964

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Understanding membrane processes

Yang, C.Y., E. Mercer, F. Kamranvand, L. Williams, A. Kolios, A. Parker, S. Tyrrel, E. Cartmell, E.J. McAdam Tube-side mass transfer forhollow fibre membrane contactors operated in the low Graetz range, Journal of Membrane Science 523, 235–246

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Modelling water and energy recovery

Hanak, D., Kolios, A., Fidalgo, B., McAdam, E., Parker, A., Williams, L., Tyrrel, S., Cartmell, E., (2016) Conceptual energy and water recovery system for self-sustainednano-membrane toilet, Energy Conversion and Management 126, 352-361

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Experiments to combust human faeces

Onabanjo, T., Kolios, A.J., Patchigolla, K., Wagland, S., Fidalgo, B. Jurado, N., Hanak, D.P., Manovic, V., Parker, A., McAdam, E., Williams, L., Tyrrel, S. (2016) Cartmell, E., An experimental investigation of the combustion performance of human faeces, Fuel 184, 780–791

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Energy recovery from human faeces via gasification: A thermodynamic equilibrium modelling approach

T. Onabanjo, K. Patchigolla, S.T. Wagland, B. Fidalgo, A. Kolios, E. McAdam, A. Parker, L.Williams, S. Tyrrel, E. Cartmell, Energy recovery from human faeces via gasification: A thermodynamic equilibrium modelling approach, Energy Conversion and Management 118:364-376

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FSM3 conference in Hanoi, 19-21 January 2015

The abstract: http://www.susana.org/images/documents/07-cap-dev/b-conferences/15-FSM3/Day-1/Rm-3/1-3-2-FSM3.pdf

The presentations slides: http://www.susana.org/images/documents/07-cap-dev/b-conferences/15-FSM3/Day-1/Rm-3/1-3-2-3-Parker.pdf

The poster: http://www.nanomembranetoilet.org/posters/nmt_hanoi.pdf


Click here to download the posters that were part of our stand at the Reinvent the Toilet Fair: India

9th Sharing Knowledge Foundation Conference, 15th-17th May 2014

Business model

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Fourth expert webinar hosted by Stockholm Environment Institute, Nov 26th 2013


Ben Martin*, Bruce Jefferson, Paul Jones, Alison Parker, Ewan McAdam, Reinventing the toilet: using pervaporation membranes and hydrophilic/hydrophobic condensing media to produce pathogen free water in situ, Early Career Researchers in Water Sanitation and Hygiene conference, held at Cranfield University on 21st November 2013

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A.H. Parker*, B. Jefferson*, E.J. McAdam*, R.A. Dorey*, A.J. Kolios*, S.F. Tyrrel*, P.J. Longhurst*, S. Bolton*, G. Leighton*, R.W.A. Franceys*, E. Cartmell*, The Nano Membrane Toilet, Faecal Sludge Management Conference, 29-31 October 2012

http://www.pid.co.za/index.php/abstracts2/138-parker-the-nano-membrane-toilet
http://www.susana.org/images/documents/07-cap-dev/b-conferences/12-FSM2/c2.3-fsm2-parker-cranfield-university-uk.pdf